Centropyxis delicatula - the Netherlands

 

 

Centropyxis delicatula Penard, 1902

 

Diagnosis: shell organic, yellow till brown or brown-grey, hyaline, without xenosomes, sometimes with some spines; in dorsal view more or less circular, in lateral view half spherical or flattened; aperture more or less centrically located, tubular invaginated, with 2-5 bridges.

 

Dimensions: my measurements 35-48 µm (Penard), mean 48 (Hoogenraad & De Groot); my measurements 48-54 µm.

 

Ecology: in sediment of ditches, between waterplants, in sphagnum.

 

Remarks: This species is easy to identify. Hoogenraad & De Groot (1940) note that  this small species has been observed in the Netherlands only once, in 1908. I have found this species with regular intervals, but never abundant.

 

Centropyxis delicatula, - the Netherlands

 

Centropyxis delicatula, 49 µm in diameter, stacked - Netherlands
Centropyxis delicatula
Centropyxis delicatula, 48 µm in diameter
Centropyxis delicatula
Centropyxis delicatula, Wannsee, Berlin
Centropyxis delicatula
In an interesting paper, "Aquatic organisms as amber inclusions and examples from a modern swamp forest" (2007), Alexander R. Schmidt and David L. Dilcher show a photomicrograph (see above) of the shell of Centropyxis delicatula, embedded in modern tree resin (A) and 100-million-year-old Cretaceous amber from Schliersee, Germany (B).

 

Centropyxis delicatula
Centropyxis delicatula
Shell 46 µm and 54 µm - Simamoor, Austria
Centropyxis delicatula
Centropyxis delicatula in side view - 48 µm in diameter
Centropyxis delicatula
Centropyxis delicatula in side view - 49 µm in diameter
Centropyxis delicatula
Centropyxis delicatula, with different number of bridges
Centropyxis delicatula
Centropyxis delicatula - drawing: Ferry Siemensma
Centropyxis delicatula
Centropyxis delicatula in side view - 50 µm in diameter