Microworld

world of amoeboid organisms

Menu

Genus Vampyrella West 1901, emend. Hess et al. 2012
  
Diagnosis: Exclusively heterotrophic, naked, phagotrophic amoeboid organisms; life cycle includes amoeboid, free moving trophozoites alternating with an obligatory digestive cyst, in which cell division usually take place; several taxa can fuse to form plasmodia and reach considerable sizes; sexual processes unknown; cytoplasm often differentiated into a finely granular, sometimes highly vacuolated part and structureless hyaloplasm, the latter often surrounding the main cell body, but at least constituting the pseudopodia; free-living in freshwater, soil, or marine environments.

Detail of filopodia with “dancing” granules.

 

This very instructive and beautiful video was made by Norbert Hülsmann and shows the development and mode of nutrition in Vampyrella lateritia, with following comment: “There are three strains of Vampyrella lateritia which are known to feed on green algae. One attacks Spirogyra, a second Closterium and the third Mougeotia. V. lateritia bores a hole through the algal cell wall and surrounds the protoplast with an ingestion pseudopodium. Vampyrella encysts after phagocytosis has been completed. Vegetative swarmers are subsequently released from the cyst.”

Recent posts

Haplomyxa spec.

Main cell body Haplomyxa spec. Description: The cell had a cylindrical flattened body from which numerous granuloreticulopodia emerged. The common shape was more or less

Read More »

Valkanovia delicatula

V. delicatula, after Valkanov, 1962 Genus Valkanovia  Tappan, 1966 Diagnosis: Shell ovoid, oblate, elliptical in cross-section, composed of elongated elliptical hyaline scales arranged in a

Read More »

Gocevia pontica

Gocevia pontica, after Valkanov, 1934 Gocevia pontica Valkanov, 1934 Diagnosis: Clearly addressed bipolarity. Body covered by a weakly flexible tectum covered with foreign bodies. The

Read More »

Nabranella

N. brevis, after Snegovaya and Alekperov, 2009 Genus Nabranella Snegovaya and Alekperov, 2009 Diagnosis: Shell oval or spherical shape without neck. Apical top flat and

Read More »

Armipyxis

Genus Armipyxis Dekhtiar, 2009 Genus Armipyxis was created by Dekhtiar (2009) to accommodate all species with internal struts. However, C. aculeata may also have struts, although

Read More »

Netzelia pseudolimnetica

N. pseudolimnetica, after Penard, 1902 Netzelia pseudolimnetica Ogden and Meisterfeld, 1989 Synonym Difflugia limnetica (Levander, 1900) Penard, 1902. D. limnetica – Pejler, 1962, Oikos, 12,

Read More »

Cylindrifflugia hiraethogii

C. hiraethogii, after Ogden. 1983 Cylindrifflugia hiraethogii (Ogden, 1983) González-Miguéns et al., 2022 Diagnosis: the shell is light yellow or transparent, thin pyriform with a distinct

Read More »

Cylindrifflugia bacillariarum

  C. bacillariarum, 103 – 114 µm – Fochteloërveen, Netherlands   Cylindrifflugia bacillariarum (Perty, 1849) n. comb. González-Miguéns et al., 2022 Diagnosis: shell transparent, colorless or

Read More »

Cylindrifflugia elegans

C. elegans, length 84-102 µm, Gaasterland Cylindrifflugia elegans (Penard, 1890) n. comb. González-Miguéns et al., 2022 Basionym: Difflugia elegans Penard, 1890 Diagnosis: shell outline rough, pyriform

Read More »

Cylindrifflugia lanceolata

C. lanceolata, shells 153-169 µm long, nuclei 23-26 µm (Naardermeer, Netherlands) Cylindrifflugia lanceolata (Penard, 1890) n. comb. González-Miguéns et al., 2022 Basionym: Difflugia lanceolata Penard,

Read More »